Melbourne History


Settlement in what is now the city of Melbourne began less than two centuries ago, in 1835, when Tasmanian settlers began purchasing land from the local aboriginal tribes along the Yarra River and Port Phillip Bay.  Within a decade, streets were paved, and the city center was laid out.  By the late 1800’s the city prospered from gold mining and a subsequent building
boom. Then, at the turn of the century, Melbourne served as the temporary capital of Australia during its independent federation from Britain. Following World War II, the city experienced a population boost of European immigrants, as well as an influx of Southeast Asian immigrants in the 1970’s. Today, Melbourne is known for its high-rise buildings and modern architecture, which replaced its historical structures of old.  The city’s urban development continues even today, with recent additions like Federation Square and Melbourne Museum.